Collective Bargaining Framework in Ontario
The collective bargaining framework for the education sector, set out in the School Boards Collective Bargaining Act, 2014, features a two-tier bargaining process, or central and local bargaining as it is often referred to.
This means issues such as salary, benefits, and paid leaves are negotiated on a province-wide basis at a central table. Participants at the central level include the government and trustees’ associations as co-management partners, bargaining with teacher’s federations and education worker unions.
Before bargaining commences, the parties agree to which items will be negotiated centrally. All other issues are then negotiated locally.
The parties to local bargaining are individual school boards and their respective local bargaining units.
All agreements must be ratified at the local level in order to confirm the settlement.